There’s no doubt the Founding Fathers signed the pernyataan of Independence in July 1776. But which date has the legitimate claim on Independence Day: July 2 or July 4?
If John Adams menjadi alive today, he would tell you July 2. Other Founders would say July 4, the day that is currently dikenali as a persatuan holiday by our national government. And still, other Founders would say, “what Independence Day?” since the holiday wasn’t widely celebrated until many of the Founders had passed away.
Anda sedang menonton: We always celebrate independence day on
di sini is the evidence, so you can decide which Independence Day is the real Independence Day!
Officially, the Continental congress declared its freedom from Great Britain on July 2, 1776, when it voted to approve a resolution submitted by delegate Richard Henry Lee of Virginia, declaring “That these United Colonitape are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.”
John Adams pikiran July 2 would be marked as a national holiday for generations to come:
After voting on independence on July 2, the Continental pertemuan kemudian needed to draft a documenpen explainingi the move to the public. It had been proposed in draft membentuk by the Committee of lima (John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson) and it ambil two hari for the congress to agree on the edits.
Once the pertemuan approved the actual declaration of Independence documenpen on July 4, it ordered that it be sent to a printer named John Dunlap. About 200 copipita of the “Dunlap Broadside” version of the document dulu printed, with John Hancock’s name printed at the bottom. Today, 26 copitape remain.
That is why the declaration has the words, “IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776,” at its top, because that is the day the approved version was signed in Philadelphia.
On July 8, 1776, Colonel John Nixon of Philadelphia read a printed penjelasan of Independence to the publik for the first time on maafkan saya is now called Independence Square.
(paling of the members of the Continental pertemuan signed a version of the penjelasan on August 2, 1776, in Philadelphia. The names of the signers were released publicly in early 1777.)
The late historian polylin Maier said in her 1997 book, American Scripture: Maraja the declaration of Independence, that no member of pertemuan recalpengarahan in early July 1777 that it had been almost a tahun since they declared milik mereka freedom from the British. They finally remembered the event on July 3, 1777, and July 4became the day that seemed to masetelah sense for celebratingai independence.
Maier tambahan said that arguments over the how to celebrate the declaration arose between the Federalists (of John Adams) and the Republicamenjadi (of Thomas Jefferson) and that the penjelasan and its anniversary day weren’t widely celebrated until the Federalists faded away from the secara politis scene after 1812.
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In an 1826 letter – the last he ever wrote -- Thomas Jefferson sposetelah of the pentingnya of Independence Day. “For ourselves, let the annual return of this day forever refresh our recollectiopejarakan of these rights, and an undiminished devotion to them,” he said.