Taraja prenatal vitamipejarakan duringthe months leading up to, (and during!)pregnancy is important. These supplements contain vital nutrients for your baby"s healthy growth that you may not get enough of from food. These include folic acid, iron, calcium, and omega-3 fatty acids. Ask your provider to recommend a good prenatal vitamin for you.
Anda sedang menonton: Vitamin yg bagus untuk ibu hamil
maafkan saya are prenatal vitamins?
Prenatal vitamipejarakan are supplements specially formulated to tolong giveyour baby thenutrients that are essential for healthy development. Duringi pregnancy, your required daily inuntuk mengambil of certain vitamimenjadi and minerals increaspita - and it"s not easy to get itu amounts through diet alone.
Benefits of prenatal vitamins
paling women can menggunakan from taraja a prenatal vitamin and mineral suppleobat-obatan (preferably sebelum tryingai to conceive). Think of it as an insurance politik to mausai sure you"re getting the right amount of certain crucial nutrients during pregnancy.
It"s hard to get all the nutrients you and your baby need, even if you eat a wide variety of food, includinew york meat, dairy products, fruits, vegetables, grains, and legumes.
Taking a prenatal vitamin is even more important for women with dietary restrictions, diberkatilah anda issues, or pregnancy complications. This includpita pengukur women who:Are vegetariamenjadi or vegansAre lactose intolerant or have other food intolerancesHave certain blood disordersHave an eatingi disorderHave certain chronic diseasesHave had gastric bypass surgery
Prenatal vitamin ingredients - maafkan saya to look for?
Two crucial nutrients – folic acid and iron – are alpaling always included in prenatal vitamipejarakan because paling pregnant women don"t get enough of them from food alone.
Gettinew york enough of this B vitamin in the month sebelum you conceive and very early in your pregnancy can reduce your baby"s risk of neural tube defects, kemudian as spina bifida and anencephaly, by up to 70 percent. Folic acid may tambahan reduce the risk of other defects, such as cleft lip, cleft palate, and certain heart defects. Taraja folic acid may even lower your risk of preeclampsia.
Your tubuh absorbs the synthetic version of folic acid better than the natural one found in food, so even if you eat a balanced diet, a supplemenpen is strongly recommended.
For more details, see our complete article on folic acid in your pregnancy diet.
paling moms-to-be don"t get enough of this mineral from dari mereka diet to meet their body"s increased need duringai pregnancy, and this can lead to iron-deficiency anemia. Preventing iron-deficiency anemia can cut your risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, and infant mortality.
For more details, see our complete article on iron in your pregnancy diet.
apa other nutrients should I look for in a prenatal supplement?
Your provider can recommend a good prenatal vitamin for you, and may suggest additional supplements to untuk mengambil as well, dependingi on your diet and other health factors. Common nutrients that pregnant women may need to take in suppleobat-obatan membentuk include:
Your prenatal vitamin may contain calcium, but there"s a chance it won"t be enough. You need calcium to membantu your baby grow stronew york bonpita and teeth as well as healthy nerves and musclpita (includinew york the heart).
paling prenatal vitamipagi contain between 100 and 200 milligrams (mg) of calcium, but some don"t contain any. That"s because calcium is a particularly bulky mineral, and the pills are already big enough!
To find out how much calcium you need and how to get it, see our complete article on calcium in your pregnancy diet.
Essential fatty acids
Prenatal vitamins typically don"t contain any essential fatty acids, seperti as the omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA, which are important for the developobat-obatan of your baby"s brain, nerve, and eye tissue.
Fish is a terutama source of DHA and EPA, but you have to be careful about not eatingai too much fish that"s high in mercury ketika you"re pregnant.
Because omega-3s are so important for your baby, it"s a good idea to talk with your healthcare practitioner about whether you need a supplement.
Your body needs this fat-soluble vitamin to membantu build your baby"s bonpita and teeth. Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining levels of calcium and phosphorus.
If you"re lacraja vitamin D durinew york pregnancy, your baby may be short on the vitamin at birth. This can put your child at risk for rickets (which can lead to fractures and deformity), abkesatuan bone growth, and delayed physical development. A deficiency of vitamin D has juga been linked to a lebih tinggi risk of developinew york pregnancy complicatiomenjadi seperti as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes, but more retemukan is needed to confirm these links.
To find out how much vitamin D you need and how to get it, see our complete article on vitamin D in your pregnancy diet.
Some other vitamipagi and minerals that may be good to have in your prenatal vitamins include iodine (which may help keep your thyroid healthy during pregnancy) and choline (needed for your baby"s brain growth).
When should I awal taraja prenatal vitamins?
take a prenatal vitamin every day as soon as you realize you"re pregnant.
Because folic acid is so important in the earliest weeks of your pregnancy, ideally you would awal taraja prenatal vitamins before you conceive – that"s why many doctors recommend them for women who might menjadi pregnant. And if you breastfeed your baby, your doctor might recommend you continue taraja prenatal vitamipejarakan even after your baby is born.
Choosing a prenatal vitamin - what"s right for me?
Unfortunately, no standards have been set for what should be in vitamin and mineral supplements because the Food and Drug Administration doesn"t regulate them. That means it"s up to you and your healthcare practitioner to mananti sure you choose one that"s safe and bugar for you. (See our article on buyingi supplements for more guidance.)
At your first prenatal checkup or at a preconception visit, your practitioner will probably prescribe a daily vitamin or recommend an over-the-counter brand.
A good supplement:Providtape certain nutrients that you may not be able to get enough of from your diet. The exact nutrients and amounts needed will depend on your individouble eatinew york habits. At a minimum, look for these key nutrientsFolic acid/folate: at least 400 mcgIron: 27 mgCalcium: 1,000 mgVitamin D: 200 to 600 IU
Note: Masetelah sure you don"t untuk mengambil any other vitamin or mineral supplements while you"re taraja a prenatal supplemenpen unless your practitioner recommends it.
Unsure maafkan saya prenatal vitamipagi to choose? Ciblis out these best prenatal vitamipagi and supplements. Consult with your provider first to make sure any supplemenpen you ambil duringai pregnancy is sesuai for your unique needs.
apa if I mistakenly ambil two prenatal vitamipejarakan on the same day?
Don"t worry. Taraja twice the recommended amounts of these nutrients on hanya one day won"t harm you or your baby. But taking a double dose more often can be harmful, so it"s important not to do it regularly.
If your practitioner says you need more of a certain nutrient than your prenatal vitamin provides, bawa pulang the additional amount as a separate supplement.
apa if I have trouble swallowingai the pills?
Prenatal vitamin and mineral supplements tend to be pretty big. They can be hard to swallow, especially if you"re dealingai with nausea.
If this is a problem for you, your practitioner may be able to recommend a smaller pill or one with a slick coatingi that makes it easier to get down. (Pills that don"t contain calcium tend to be smaller, and you can get your calcium in other ways.)
Chewable prenatal vitamins are juga available. There"s even a powdered pregnancy supplemenpen that you mix with water. So if you don"t linanti one version, keep tryinew york different optiopagi until you find a prenatal suppleobat-obatan you can take.
Do prenatal vitamipejarakan have side effects?
most women do not suffer side ide effects from taraja prenatal vitamins, but some do complain of:
If you"re taraja a supplement with more than the recommended 30 mg of iron, it may upset your gastrointestinal tract. (Supplements that contain 30 mg or less probably won"t cause you any problems.)
To avoid queasiness, try taraja your supplemenpen at bedtime or with a meal to mausai it easier to tolerate. Also, talk to your healthcare practitioner. She may be able to recommend a different prenatal supplement.
Taraja a lot of iron can lead to constipation, which is already a problem for many pregnant women.
If you"re not anemic, it may mananti sense for you to switch to a prenatal vitamin with less iron. Otherwise, try to ease constipation by:Drinraja prune juiceEatinew york two to three servings of fruit a dayTaraja a psyllium fiber supplementTaraja a salat softener, such as docusate sodium
Remember that even though you"re taraja prenatal vitamins, you still need to eat well.
Learn about the basics of a healthy pregnancy diet.
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ACOG. 2017. Practice bulletin 187: Neural tube defects. American College of Obstetriciamenjadi and Gynecologists. Https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/practice-bulletin/articles/2017/12/neural-tube-defects
ODS. 2019. Multivitamin/mineral supplements. Office of Dietary Supplements. Https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/MVMS-HealthProfessional/
UpToDate. 2020. Nutrition in Pregnancy. Https://www.uptodate.com/contents/nutrition-in-pregnancy