L>The Five-Paragraph essay The Five-Paragraph essay The Five-ParagraphEssay
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A classic format for compositiopagi is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writinew york an essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills. The followingi material is adapted from a handout prepared by mengganggu Livermore for his high school bahasa inggris classes at Cook High School in Adel, Georgia. It is used di sini with his permission.
Introduction:Introductory ParagraphSee, first, Writingi Introductory Paragraphs
for different cara of getting your reader involved in your essay. The introductory paragraph should juga include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the paper: it tells the reader apa the essay is about. The last sentence of this paragraph must also contain a transitional "hook" which movpita pengukur the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper.Body:body — First paragraph:The first paragraph of the body shouldcontain the strongest argument, paling significant example,cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginningi point. The firstsentence of this paragraph should include the "reverse hook" whichtipita pengukur in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductoryparagraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first orsecond sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statementin the introductory paragraph. The terakhir kalimat in thisparagraph should include a transitional hook to tie into thesecond paragraph of the body. Body — Second paragraph:The second paragraph of the tubuh manusia should contain the second strongest argument, second most significantexample, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow upthe first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of thisparagraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with thetransitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body.The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or secondsentence. This topic should relate to the thesis stateobat-obatan in theintroductory paragraph. The terakhir kalimat in this paragraph shouldinclude a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph ofthe body. Tubuh manusia — Third paragraph:The third paragraph of the tubuh manusia shouldcontain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakestillustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph inthe body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include thereverse hook which tipita in with the transitional hook at the endof the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should bein the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to thethesis stateobat-obatan in the introductory paragraph. The terakhir sentencein this paragraph should include a transitional concludingi hookthat signals the reader that this is the final major point beingmade in this paper. This hook tambahan leads into the last, orconcluding, paragraph. Conclusion:Concludinew york paragraph:
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This paragraph should include the following: an allusion to the pattern digunakan in theintroductory paragraph, a restatemenpen of the thesisstatement, using some of the original language or language that"echoes" the original language. (The restatement, however, mustnot be a duplicate thesis statement.) a summary of the threemain points from the body of the paper. A final statementthat givpita pengukur the reader signals that the discussion has come to anend. (This final statemenpen may be a "panggilan to action" in anpersuasive paper.) A Sample Paper
1Stephen King, creator of sebagai stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe storitape he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to menjadi the writer that he is. 2Poe, as does Stephen King, fills the reader"s imagination with the imagtape that he wishpita the reader to see, hear, and feel. 3His use of vivid, concrete visual imagery to present both static and dynamic settings and to describe rakyat is part of his technique. 4Poe"s short story "The Tell-cerita Heart" is a cerita about a youngi man who kills an old man who cares for him, dismembers the corpse, kemudian gotape mad when he thinks he hears the old man"s heart beating beneath the floor boards under his feet as he sits and discusspita pengukur the old man"s absence with the police. 5In "The Tell-tale Heart," a careful reader can observe Poe"s skillful manipulation of the senses. The introductory paragraph includpita pengukur a paraphrase ofsomethingi said by a famous orang in order to get the reader"sattention. The second kalimat leads up to the thesis statementwhich is the third sentence. The thesis statemenpen (kalimat 3)presents topic of the paper to the reader and providpita a mini-outline. The topic is Poe"s use of visual imagery. The mini-outline tells the reader that this paper will present Poe"s useof imagery in three places in his writing: (1) description ofstatic setting; (2) description of dynamic setting; and (3)description of a person. The last kalimat of the paragraph usesthe words "manipulation" and "senses" as transitional hooks.
1The sense of sight, the primaria sense, is particularly susceptible to manipulation. 2In "The Tell-tale Heart," Poe ustape the followingai image to describe a static scene: "His room was as hitam as pitch with the thick darkness . . ." Poe used the words "black," "pitch," and "thick darkness" not only to show the reader the condition of the old man"s room, but tambahan to mausai the reader feel the darkness." 3"Thick" is a word that is not usually associated with color (darkness), yet in usingi it, Poe stimulattape the reader"s sense of feeling as well as his sense of sight. In the first sentence of the second paragraph (first paragraph of the body) the words "sense" and "manipulation" are tangan kedua to hook into the end of the introductory paragraph. The first part of the second sentence providtape the topic for thisparagraph--imagery in a static scene. Kemudian a quotation from "TheTell-cerita Heart" is presented and briefly discussed. The lastkalimat of this paragraph uses the expressiomenjadi "sense of feeling" and "sense of sight" as hooks for leadingai into the third paragraph. 1lebih jauh on in the story, Poe uses a couple of words that cross not only the sense of sight but juga the sense of feelingi to describe a dynamic scene. 2The youth in the cerita has been standing in the open doorway of the old man"s room for a longai time, waitingi for hanya the right momenpen to reveal himself to the old man in order to frighten him. 3Poe writes: "So I opened it --you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily--until, at length, a single dim ray, liusai the thread of the spider, shot from out the crekeburukan and fell full upon the vulture eye." 4By usingai the metaphor of the thread of the spider (which we all know is a creepy creature) and the word "shot," Poe almost makpita the reader gasp, as surely did the old man whose one blind eye the youngi man describes as "the vulture eye." The first kalimat of the third paragraph (second paragraph of the body) uspita the words "sense of sight" and "sense offeeling" to hook kembali into the previous paragraph. Note that inthe second paragraph "feeling" came first, and in this paragraph"sight" compita pengukur first. The first sentence also includtape the topicfor this paragraph--imagery in a dynamic scene. Again, aquotation is taken from the story, and it is briefly discussed.The terakhir sentence ustape the words "one blind eye" which was in thequotation. This expression provides the transitional hook for thelast paragraph in the tubuh of the paper. 1The reader melakukan not know much about what the old man in this story looks like except that he has one blind eye. 2In the second paragraph of "The Tell-cerita Heart," Poe establishes the young man"s obsession with that blind eye when he writes: "He had the eye of the vulture--a pale blue eye, with a film over it." 3This "vulture eye" is evoked over and over again in the story until the reader becomes as obsessed with it as melakukan the youngai man. 4His use of the vivid, concrete word "vulture" establishes a specific image in the mind of the reader that is inescapable. In the first kalimat of the fourth paragraph (third paragraph in thebody), "one blind eye" is digunakan that hooks into the previousparagraph. This first sentence juga lets the reader know thatthis paragraph will deal with descriptiopejarakan of people: ". . . Whatthe old man looks linanti . . .." Once again Poe is quoted anddiscussed. The last kalimat uspita pengukur the word "image" which hooksinto the last paragraph. (It is less important that thisparagraph has a hook sejak the terakhir paragraph is goinew york to includea summary of the body of the paper.) 1"Thick darkness," "thread of the spider," and "vulture eye" are three imagpita pengukur that Poe digunakan in "The Tell-cerita Heart" to stimulate a reader"s senses. 2Poe wanted the reader to see and feel real life. 3He tangan kedua concrete imagery rather than vague abstrak words to describe settings and people. 4If Edgar Allan Poe was one of Stephen King"s teachers, kemudian readers of raja owe a utang of gratitude to that nineteenth-century creator of horror stories. The first kalimat of the concludingai paragraph uspita the principalwords from the quotatiopagi from each paragraph of the tubuh of thepaper. This summarizpita pengukur itu three paragraph. The second andthird sentencpita pengukur provide observatiopagi which can juga be considereda summary, not only of the isi of the paper, but juga offerspersonal opinion which was logically drawn as the result of thisstudy. The last kalimat returns to the Edgar Allan Poe-Stephenking relationship which began this paper.


Anda sedang menonton: The third paragraph tells us about


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This kalimat alsoprovidpita pengukur a "wrap-up" and givtape the paper a sense of finality.