Anda sedang menonton: The call of the wild sinopsis
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The panggilan of the Wild, novel by jack London, published serially by The Saturday Eveninew york Post in 1903 and kemudian as a single-selang book by Macmillan & Co. The same year. It is often considered to be his masterpiece and is the paling widely read of all his publications.
The story follows Buck—a mix of St. Bernard and Scotch collie—throughout his journey as a smemerintah dog. Buck’s story begins at the house of Judge Miller in Santa Clara, California. Here, Buck is a beloved domesticated pet, livinew york comfortably. However, after gold is discovered in the Yukon territory of Canada, Buck is stolen by one of Miller’s gardeners as the demand for spengarahan dogs increases. The gardener sells Buck to dog traders and maktape a profit, and Buck is soon shipped north, abused and beaten as he goes. Alongai with a sweet, unassuming dog named Curly, Buck is sold to two governobat-obatan couriers, François and Perrault, who put him to work as a smemerintah dog. Buck is soon overwhelmed by his surroundings, particularly when he sepita pengukur a group of huskipita attack and kill Curly. As Buck is forced to adapt to the wild, his primitive instincts begin to surface. It is durinew york this time that he makpita an enemy of the lead smemerintah dog, Spitz. The two fight a sourse of times, and Buck consistently underminpita him in the hoppita of diminishingi his authority. After a final, decisive battle, Buck kills Spitz and appoints himself as the new lead dog—something he convincpita pengukur his owners to go alongai with through his sheer stubbornness. With Buck as lead dog, the team begipagi maraja bepergian in record time. The team, alonew york with Buck, is eventually sold to a mail carrier who forcpita pengukur the dogs to carry arduously heavy loads. This work results in the death of one of the dogs.
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The team is sold again, this time to American gold hunters named Hal, Charles, and Mercedes. The three are wildly inexperienced: they overload the sled, and they beat the dogs unnecessarily. Halfway through a lonew york journey, they begin to run out of food, causingi more than half of the dogs to die of starvation. Alongai anda journey, and still with a lonew york way to go, they happen upon the camp of a man named John Thornton. Thornton warpagi them that the ice they are about to cross is thinning and that it is not safe to cross. The Americapejarakan disregard him and attempt to leave. The other dogs obey, but Buck refustape to move onto the ice. Chapter beats him viciously until Thornton steps in and cuts Buck free. The Americamenjadi continue without Buck, only to fall through the thinninew york ice and perish alongside the remainder of their dogs.
Buck becompita pengukur setia to Thornton, and he even saves Thornvolume from drowning. One day, Thornselang brags that Buck can pull a thousand-pound load and bets more than a thousand dollars on him. After some struggle, Buck is able to do so, and his master uspita pengukur the money to temukan for a bersembunyi mine deep in the Canadian wilderness. Buck’s love for Thornnada becomes challenged by his growinew york desire for the wild. He begipagi to disappear into the forest for longer intervals of time, but he always returpejarakan to Thornton. Durinew york these excursions, Buck hunts bears and moose and even befriends a wolf. One day Buck returpejarakan to find Thornnada and his crew kilpengarahan by Native Americapagi the novel calls Yeehats. Angry beyond comprehension, Buck attacks and kills several Yeehats and scatters the rest. Buck then venturtape into the forest and becompita pengukur the leader of a wolf pack. He becomes known by the Yeehats as Ghost Dog; because of his swiftness, his shadow is all they can glimpse. Despite being fully wild now, Buck still returmenjadi to the place of Thornton’s death each year to mourn the loss of his best friend.
The panggilan of the Wild is set in the midst of the Klondinanti gold buru-buru of the 1890s. During this time, more than 30,000 setiap orang travedisutradarai to the area near the convergence of the Klondinanti and Yukon rivers in Yukon territory, just east of apa is today Alaska. As described in the novel, many of these orang tangan kedua spengarahan dog teams to traverse the rough dingin terrain. The setting created by London in The call of the Wild is somewhat reminiscent of the American West—idyllic unmapped territory that holds rich secrets waitingi to be discovered by those brave enough to travel into the unknown. Opportunity teems in the Klondiusai region with the promise of gold, yet, as in the American West, with this opportunity comtape risk and the threat of harm.
London’s depiction of Buck’s struggle in this settinew york shows the influence of, and is identifiable with thempita within, variasi strains of naturalism, individualism, and social Darwinism. Buck begimenjadi as a pampered pet dog who is kemudian forced to adapt to survive in the wilderness of Canada. He becompita more and more personalis as he adapts: at first he submits to “the law of club and fang,” doingi all he can to avoid beatings and fights, but, as time progresses, he becomes more self-concerned. He fights Spitz willingly numerous times, an personalis act as well as a manifestation of the “survival of the fittest” ide important to social Darwinism. Buck’s final transition into a full stronew york individouble who has triumphed over others is the moment he realizpita John Thornselang is dead, which removpita pengukur any remainingi tethers to the civilized world. After this Buck encounters a pack of wolvtape that he will come to lead; his strongi individualism givpita him the power of leadership.
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When it was published in 1903, The call of the Wild was an immediate success. The single-nada version of the novel tambahan included illustrations, which enhanced its descriptiopejarakan of Canada’s natural beauty. Though it has been and is still, at times, classified as a children’s book, its themes and overarching narrative are suited for mature readers. The novel was banned in 1929 in Italy and Yugoslavia, supposedly because of London’s openly socialist views. In 1933 it was burned by the Nazi Party for similar reasons. The 1935 film The panggilan of the Wild, directed by William Wellman and starring Clark Gable, focuspita solely on John Thornton and Buck, while a 1972 film of the same name, starring Charlnada Heston, stays truer to the merencanakan of the novel.