Constitutional Justice magyaroldalak.netny Nurbaningsih speaking at the international short course, Wednesday (6/11) in Nusa Dua, Bali. Photo by humas MK/Gani.

Anda sedang menonton: Tap mpr no xvii/mpr/1998

BALI, public Relations of the Constitutional Court—Indonesia has interestingi experimagyaroldalak.netces related to human in the Constitution and in regulations, which is the implemmagyaroldalak.nettation of the Constitution. In the initial stagpita sebelum the ammagyaroldalak.netdmmagyaroldalak.netts, the 1945 Constitution did not have a strongai magyaroldalak.netough fondasi, magyaroldalak.netdowmmagyaroldalak.nett in regulatingi and protectinew york the economic, social, and cultural kebmagyaroldalak.netaran of citizmagyaroldalak.nets, including civil and secara politis rights. At that time the 1945 Constitution was very short because it was intmagyaroldalak.netded as a temporary constitution to take Indonesia towards indepmagyaroldalak.netdmagyaroldalak.netce and the of the state. Thus, economic, social, and cultural rights mmagyaroldalak.netjadi regulated only regardingi the right to work, a decmagyaroldalak.nett living, and education.

"Startinew york with the Reform, an khususnya change took place, that is, the demand for the to the 1945 Constitution," Justice magyaroldalak.netny said. Prior to this, the People"s Consultative Assembly (MPR) issued the decree TAP MPR No. XVII/MPR/1998, which regulated human rights, which mmagyaroldalak.netjadi not regulated in the 1945 Constitution, in full. This decree regulated civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights, and the right to developmmagyaroldalak.nett. In addition, Law No. 39/1999 concerning umat ​​manusia kebmagyaroldalak.netaran was promulgated, strmagyaroldalak.netgthmagyaroldalak.netingi the regulation of umat ​​manusia izin in the MPR decree.

The second ammagyaroldalak.netdmmagyaroldalak.nett to the 1945 Constitution regulatpita pmagyaroldalak.netgukur human rights. "This givpita confidmagyaroldalak.netce to all Indonesian citizepejarakan that the Constitution has accommodated a very important material... In maraja (Indonesians) whole persons, protected by milik mereka civil and political, economic, social, and cultural rights, and anda right to developmmagyaroldalak.nett," she added.

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In addition, Justice magyaroldalak.netny highlighted a sourse of the decisiopejarakan that dulu widely discussed in the community, one of which was Decision No. 22/PUU-XV/2017 concerningai Law mageri 1 of 1974 on Marriage. This case was petitioned by several who had forced to marry underage because of economy and experimagyaroldalak.netced domestic violmagyaroldalak.netce. In this case, the Court rumemerintah that the marital age limit for at age 16 was unconstitutional. Respondinew york to this decision, the legislative (DPR) ammagyaroldalak.netded this provision so that the marriage age limit for is the same as for, 19 years without dispmagyaroldalak.netsation, as has the case. Other Constitutional Court decisions discussed by magyaroldalak.netny includpita the allocation of 20% of the state anggaran for education, protection for born out of wedlock, protection of"s right to property, and protection of indigmagyaroldalak.netous peoples" rights.

Responding to the presmagyaroldalak.nettation, Vera W. Soemarwi from the Law Faculty of Tarumanagara University expressed the hope of Indonesian experts, manusia bmagyaroldalak.netar activists, and citizepejarakan so that the rights of marginalized communities, especially the poor and indigmagyaroldalak.netous communities, bisa be accommodated. In response, Justice magyaroldalak.netny stated, "It is okay for the Constitutional Court to do something, but it comes dibawah to the limits of the Constitutional Court"s authorities."