Clinically assessed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph.D., R.N., CRNA-- Composed by Lori Smith, MSN, BSN, WHNP-BC on February 6, 2018

Pectus carinatum is an uncommon breast wall surface defect that creates the breastbone to press external rather than being flush versus the upper body. It is additionally referred to as pigeon breast or keel upper body.

When the upper body wall surface establishes, the cartilage material that links the ribs generally expands level along the upper body. In instances of pectus carinatum, this cartilage material expands unusually, creating unequal development in the locations where the ribs attach to the breast bone. This triggers the outside look of the breast wall surface.

Frequently, pectus carinatum establishes throughout youth as well as obtains extra obvious as kids undergo adolescence. Sometimes, it might not be seen up until a kid undergoes their teenage development eruption.

In this write-up, we have a look at the signs connected with pectus carinatum, in addition to the feasible reasons as well as danger elements. We additionally analyze the therapy alternatives as well as the overview for this problem.

Signs and symptoms

Share on PinterestPigeon breast or pectus carinatum. Picture credit history: Tolson411, (2010, February 13)
Usually, the pressing exterior of the breastbone is the only sign that an individual experiences.

Some individuals might report various other signs and symptoms, such as:

lack of breath, which is much more typical throughout exercisetenderness or discomfort in the locations of irregular cartilage material growthfrequent breathing infectionschest painrapid heart price

In some youngsters, the look of pectus carinatum might be even worse on one side, with the contrary side showing up to have a dip in it. This dip is called pectus excavatum.

The problem might likewise be connected with specific clinical problems consisting of:

kyphosis, where the back is hunchedother bone and joint abnormalitiesabnormal development patterns

There are 2 various sorts of pectus carinatum:

Chondrogladiolar prestige : This sort of pectus carinatum is additionally called "poultry bust" as well as is one of the most usual kind of the problem. Below, the center as well as reduced areas of the breastbone press ahead. Chondromanubrial prestige : This sort of pectus carinatum is additionally called "Pouter pigeon bust" as well as is a much more intricate as well as uncommon type of the problem. Right here, the breastbone establishes in a Z-shape, with the leading area pressing onward.
Reasons as well as threat variables
Share on PinterestPectus carinatum is typically identified by taking an X-ray of the breast.

Pectus carinatum is triggered by the irregular growth of the cartilage material that attaches the ribs.

The precise reason is not understood. The problem can run in family members, nonetheless, so genes might be a danger aspect.

Pectus carinatum happens extra often in individuals that have certain hereditary problems. These problems consist of:

Marfan syndromeEhlers-Danlos syndromemetabolic problems, such as homocystinuriaMorquio syndromebrittle bone diseaseCoffin-Lowery syndromecardiofaciocutaneous syndromechromosomal irregularities
Medical diagnosis

To detect pectus carinatum, a physician will certainly require to check out just how the breastbone is expanding. To do this, they will likely ask for an upper body X-ray.

If the problem is triggering breathing signs, a medical professional might likewise ask for lung feature examinations. Individuals that experience signs and symptoms pertaining to the heart might additionally require an electrocardiogram or echocardiogram.

Calculated tomography (CT) or magnetic vibration imaging (MRI) scans can assist medical professionals in extra significant instances. These imaging examinations can assist with intending the procedure if a physician is thinking about surgical treatment as a type of therapy.

Relying on the look of the pectus carinatum, physicians might likewise determine to check for relevant problems, such as scoliosis, genetic heart illness, as well as Marfan disorder.

The physician might determine to wait prior to determining on a program of therapy if the youngster has actually not gone via adolescence yet. Doing so permits them time to exercise what the very best method will certainly be.


While some teens and also kids can experience signs and symptoms as well as adverse effects from pectus carinatum, the problem is primarily aesthetic. Therapy is based upon look in addition to signs and symptoms.


When the individual is a youngster or teenage, share on PinterestTreatment is normally most efficient.

The typical therapy technique for pectus carinatum in youngsters with a moderate to modest type of the problem is orthotic supporting. This includes a custom-fitted support that fits outside of the upper body.

The objective of the support is to position stress on the location most influenced by the problem, to squash it to the breast.

To see any kind of results, a youngster will certainly require to put on a support for at the very least 8 hrs a day for a number of months, according to physician's directions. A youngster might require to use the support up until they have actually undergone the age of puberty.

Surgical procedure

When a breast support has actually been inadequate or when they have actually passed adolescence, surgical procedure is normally just an alternative for individuals. A medical professional might additionally take into consideration surgical procedure for individuals whose signs and symptoms are serious.

The Ravitch treatment is a surgery that includes getting rid of the uncommon cartilage material as well as positioning the breastbone in a typical setting within the upper body.

Sometimes, the doctor will certainly require to damage the breastbone to make sure that they can rearrange it properly. Some individuals might require a steel upper body bar briefly positioned throughout the within the upper body as well as wired to the ribs.